Lesson Stages

Below are links that will give you details on how to conduct each lesson stage one by one along with video examples: 


A good lead-in sets the context of the entire lesson, engages the students in the content from the very beginning, and is student-centered by providing them ample opportunity to practice speaking for fluency. This link will take you to an overview of how to conduct a good lead-in accompanied by a video example. 

Language Clarification

Vocabulary is the building block of language learning; here you’ll find a concise overview of the core fundamentals of a vocabulary clarification stage and see a video of an example of it in practice. 

Gist Task

A gist task is focused on skimming for the main idea and is essential to do whenever you introduce a text inside of the classroom. Here you’ll get all the info you’ll need to properly carry out a gist task inside the classroom. 

Further Comprehension Task

Learn about the two major kinds of more specific reading tasks to develop the abilities of your students to read for deeper comprehension and to scan for specific information. 

Controlled Practice Activities

Controlled practice activities develop accuracy. Here you will find a large range of different controlled practice activity types with helpful examples of each. 

Freer & Productive Activities

Get an overview and examples of different kinds of freer productive activities you can do to improve your students’ abilities to speak or write for fluency! Includes important details and demonstrations! 

Noticing/Analysis Activities

Get an overview along with some great practical examples of how to make use of noticing/analysis activities in the classroom to develop your students’ independent learning abilities (to analyze language), raise their level of language awareness, and to further engage them in the learning process. 

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